Video Summary : Discovery Channel - End of the USSR Part 1

    Video Summary : Discovery Channel - End of the USSR Part 1

  • 1 The USSR was very Powerful

    at the mid 20th century the soviet union had a massive economic and military power. This provoked both admiration and fear of different nations.

  • 2 People had few cultural ties to the caputal

    The soviet union was formed of Russia in addition to 14 states. The states were so diverse and had few cultural ties to the capital.

  • 3 The communists were in control of everything

    The community party was in control of everything including the media. The leaders of the party were the leaders of the union and they gave the impression that the union was unshakable.

  • 4 Economic stagnation

    The union entered economic stagnation. Lots of money were poured in the west to support the communist allies while a lot of money was poured in the costly arms race. The war in Afghanistan also put a lot of weight on the nation.

  • 5 The soviet union was falling behind the west

    The belief that the soviet union was falling behind the west became powerful as people in the union felt the economic crisis.

  • 6 Gorbachev rose to power

    Gorbachev was chosen to lead the communist party. Shortly he filled the post of the general secretary.

  • 7 The conflict between the government and the people

    The Government wanted to have absolute control over everything. People in the government only looked for their own benefits.

  • 8 Gorbachev made many reforms

    Gorbachev had a vision and as a result implemented many reforms. He wanted to revive the economy, gain trust of the people and improve the image of the union. He did his best to show that he was different from his predecessors.

  • 9 Improving the image of the USSR

    Gorbachev signed a nuclear weapon treaty with the US and withdrawn the USSR's forces from Afghanistan. These actions improved the image of the USSR.

  • 10 Internal reforms

    Gorbachev moved from a centralized system to an open market system. He also introduced glasnost, a policy that allowed freedom of speech. Freedom of speech was a foreign concept to the citizens who were suppressed for years.

  • 11 The people supported Gorbachev

    The people supported Gorbachev in the beginning and were mostly happy with his movements.

  • 12 Freedom of speech backfired

    As the media was allowed to talk about the communist party freely they worsened the image of the party and its leaders including the early ones such as Lenin. See also why the soviet union collapsed.

  • 13 Gorbachev was trying to compromise

    Gorbachev was trying to compromise between the force of progressives who wanted more reforms and conservatives who didn't want that. Glasnost made the voices of radical parties high and among those voices was Boris Yeltsin. See video summary of part 2.