Video Summary: Sir Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity?


    Video Summary: Sir Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity?

  • 1 Creativity now is as important in education as literacy

    Sir Robinson says that creativity should be treated with the same status.

  • 2 Children are not afraid of being wrong

    Sir Robinson tells a story of a six year old girl in class who was drawing a picture of God and when the teacher told her, 'But nobody knows what God looks like', the girl replied, 'They will in a minute.'

  • 3 Being OK with making mistakes is the key to creativity

    Sir Robinson continues: 'I'm not saying that being wrong is the same as being creative but if you're not prepared to be wrong then you will never come up with anything original.'

  • 4 The educational system stigmatizes mistakes

    Sir Robinson said: 'We are now running national educational systems where mistakes are the worst thing you can make. By the time children grow up they become afraid of being wrong and they are forced to abandon their creative capacities.'

  • 5 Quote: All children are born artists (Pablo Picasso)

    The problem is to remain an artist as you grow up.

  • 6 Every education system on Earth has the same hierarchy of subjects

    Sir Robinson says that: 'Everywhere you go, the same educational pattern is repeated, at the top are mathematics and languages, then humanities and at the bottom are the arts.'

  • 7 There's even a hierarchy within the arts

    Art and music are normally given a higher status in schools than drama and dance. There isn't an education system on the planet that teaches dance everyday to children the way it teaches them mathematics.

  • 8 Public education starts from waist up

    As children grow up, the system educates from the waist up, then it focuses on their heads.

  • 9 The whole purpose of education is to produce university professors

    Sir Robinson continues: 'If you ask what public education is doing and look at the output or take a look at those who succeed and win at it you will find that the whole purpose of it is to produce university professors. And I used to be one by the way.'

  • 10 University professors are the perfect match for public education

    Professors live in their heads, and slightly to one side and they look upon their bodies as a form of transport for their heads. They are the ones who succeed in an educational system that is predicated on the idea of academic ability.

  • 11 There was no public education before the 19th century

    Sir Robinson says that all educational systems are this way because they were built to meet the needs of industrialism.

  • 12 The hierarchy of public education is rooted on two ideas

    Idea 1: The most useful subjects for work are at the top (mathematics and languages). Subjects like music that aren't in high demand in the market were kept at the bottom. Idea 2: Academic ability.

  • 13 Degrees aren't worth anything

    According to UNESCO, in the next 30 years, more people will be graduated through education than since the beginning of history. Before, if you had a degree you could get a job, but now things are different.

  • 14 The academic inflation

    Sir Robinson continues: 'Now Kids with degrees are playing video games at home because they don't have a Master's degree or PhD where previously they only needed a Bachelor's degree to get a job. This indicates that the whole educational system is shifting beneath our feet.'

  • 15 We know 3 things about intelligence

    1-It is diverse. 2-It is dynamic. 3-It is distinct.

  • 16 We believe intelligence is diverse

    This means that we think about the world in all the ways that we experience it. We think visually, in sounds and kinesthetically. We think in abstract terms and in movement.

  • 17 We believe intelligence is dynamic

    By looking at the interactions of the human brain, we can see that intelligence is interactive. Usually, creativity is a result of the interaction of different disciplinary ways of seeing things.

  • 18 By research: Women are better than men at multitasking

    According to scientists, this is because the shaft that joins the two halves of the brain together (Corpus Collosum) is thicker in women than it is in men.

  • 19 We believe intelligence is distinctive

    He gives an example of the famous choreographer Gillian Lynne who was hopeless at school. Her school thought that she had a learning disorder, only until a specialist asked her mother to let her study dancing since it's the one thing that she does naturally. She became very successful.

  • 20 Our only hope for the future is to adopt a new concept of human ecology

    He then says that we have to rethink the fundamental principles on which we are educating our children. If all insects were to disappear from Earth within 50 years, all life on Earth would end.

  • 21 The end

    Sir Robinson then finishes by saying: 'We must see our creative capacities for the richness that they are and see our children for the hope that they are. And our task should be educating the whole being to face this future.'